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Advanced Threat Protection Application Guard ATP mdatp Office 365 ProPlus Safe Attachments Safe Documents windows 10

Office ATP Safe Documents

This is a new feature in Office 365 Advanced Threat Protection Plan 2 in addition to Safe Attachments. Safe Documents at the time of writing is only available in US based Office 365 tenants and only used by Office 365 ProPlus 2002 Monthly Channel (Targeted) builds (build 12527.20092) and later.

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When a user receives an Office document from an external source the document is marked as such and can only be opened in “protected mode”. This stops editing and printing, but also (more importantly) stops macros and the like running as well. This reduction in functionality of editing and printing is enough for the user to often just take the document out of protected mode and impact your network.

When the document is emailed to the user, Office 365 ATP Safe Attachments (a Plan 1 feature) will process the document, but if the document is obtained another way, such as via a download link or copied onto a local file share, but is an externally sourced document, then the Safe Attachments vector of protection over email no longer applies.

This is where this new feature of Safe Documents comes into play. The entire document is uploaded to Microsoft’s datacentre and processed as if it where an attachment in email being processed via Safe Attachments.

An EU/UK datacentre version of this feature will come in due course.

What now happens is that the document is scanned in the cloud for “maliciousness” and the user is allowed to open the file and turn off  “protected mode” only if the document is considered safe. If the document is considered malicious then the user is not allowed to take the document out of “protected mode”.

This functionality was announced at Microsoft Ignite in November 2019 and is now in early preview at the time of writing this article. Future updates to this functionality will include the ability to open “protected mode” documents in a virtual machine automatically so that if the document does go rogue then closing the document results in closing the virtual machine and the removal of the impact, as all the changes were confined to the virtual machine. This feature is due Summer 2020 and is known as Application Guard for Office ProPlus. Application Guard will be included in subscriptions that include Windows 10 E5 (Windows 10 + Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection).

More info: https://techcommunity.microsoft.com/t5/office-365-blog/new-functionality-to-make-it-easier-to-customize-manage-and/ba-p/1003047 and https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2020/02/12/building-on-secure-productivity/ and the documentation at https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/security/office-365-security/safe-docs

Categories
Authentication windows 10 windows 7

Outlook Authentication Broken–Username and Password Missing

I came across an issue recently where the Outlook security dialog box popup was broken. Rather than looking as below, the username and password fields where missing:

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The dialog box appeared as:

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Notice that the username and password fields are missing! Also missing, and the key to this issue, is the picture is missing too. This is usually an empty box, but for some companies they use Group Policy to push out a different graphic.

That image is a bitmap stored in “C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\User Account Pictures”.

At a client of mine, the marketing department had requested the company logo replace the user picture and provided at 1MB file for this purpose. The file was deployed to all machines and overwrote the user.bmp by way of GPO preferences. Resizing user.bmp to under 48K in “C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\User Account Pictures\” on a single machine resolved the issue for users on that computer. We then changed the source of the image to under 48K centrally to fix all users.

Note that this was Windows 7 – different file sizes and dimensions exist for different versions of Windows. For example a user.bmp file on Windows 10 can be 448×448 and the default is just under 600KB. So again, the 1MB file mentioned above might also break Windows 10, but to fix the issue on that OS I probably dont need to reduce the file size so small.